Papers

1995-1998

1995-1998

This work gives a short description of the theory of agents endowed with

reflexion and some applications of this theory for modeling human choice.

Unlike classical game theory, this theory has been constructed for prediction

of the agents' real choices rather than the optimal decision making.

At issue is a possible cosmic function of consciousness. The hypothesis is

proposed that consecutive acts of self-awareness may prolong the time a

cosmic system is able to exist. This hypothesis is based on a recently-found

formal parallel between the mathematical model of the reflexive subject and

a simple ideal thermodynamic process. It is speculated that human awareness

is the "embryo" of a cosmic cognitive process whose thermodynamic

character has yet to manifest itself. Similar mechanisms may be found using

astronomical methods. A particular cosmic object is indicated whose study

has yielded the relations predicted by the formal model.

learning perspective : ISAS '97, Gaithersburg, MD, September 22-25

concepts of reflexive games and multi-reflexive systems and examines the

idea of reflexive control.

A model of a subject facing a choice of an alternative out of a set is

introduced in this paper. The model ties together three aspects of human

activity: behavioral, mental, and neural-computational. Parameters of this

model cannot be estimated experimentally. Thus, a problem arises of

determining them by means of theoretical considerations. Similar problems

appeared in cosmology as well: the values of the fundamental constants

necessary for constructing models of the Universe cannot be determined

empirically. One possible solution is to use the "anthropic principle," that is,

an abstract statement which allows narrowing the number of combinations of

values. We show that a similar methodological gambit can be used in

psychology. We formulate an abstract statement and find the parameters of

the model with its help. Here we establish the relation of this model to other

theories of choice and to experimental psychology. Then we demonstrate

that our model is formally isomorphic to the process of gradual minimization

of work lost by a heat engine system. The existence of such an isomorphism

supports a hypothesis that mental phenomena are related to

macro-characteristics of an ensemble of neuron states.

R. M Neal, Sciemce, 1995, Vol. 268, May 26

The author suggests a hypothesis that dreams serve forming special types of

behavior.

1995-1998

1995-1998