Papers

2003-2006

2003-2006

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2003-2006

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1989-1993

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1982-1985

1977-1981

This commentary focuses on the problem of whether a specific biologic basis for

reinforcing power of money exists or not. The author argues in favor of its

existence. His arguments are based on a new interpretation of data obtained in

experiments with pigeons and rats in an experimental chamber. It was

demonstrated that in the animals’ behavior, we can observe some features which

were considered pertinent to human beings only, such as making certain sources

of utility ‘sacred’.

This comment describes how the processes of free giving can be simulated with

the help of the reflexive intentional model of the subject. This simulation demon-

strates that there are two essential factors affecting the size of a share given to

others: limits accepted by the society as “normal” and the individual’s subjective

estimation of a mean share donated by other members of the society.

We demonstrate here how to theoretically deduce a formal model of bipolar choice

based on a general definition of the self-reflexive system and one assumption which

we called the Axiom of the Second Choice. We show further that such a deduction

of the model reveals its unexpected connection to the relations between an internal

variable of the self-reflexive system, a partial derivative of the entropy of the

envir-onmental influence, and a partial derivative of the entropy of choice made by

the system. This connection allows us to expand the two-alternative model of

bipolar choice to the case of an arbitrary number of alternatives.

The Reflexive-Intentional Model of the Subject (RIMS) connects the subject’s

bipolar probabilistic behavior with its mental domain. We demonstrate that the

Matching Law is a formal consequence of this tie. RIMS allows us also to deduce

theoretically the main patterns of animal behavior in the experiments with two

alternatives where the Matching Law reveals itself. This finding inclines us to put

forth a hypothesis that this law reflects the process of self-programming of the

subject with a mental domain. As a result, the subject acquires the ability to

choose alternatives with fixed probabilities. With this explanation, the relative

frequencies of pressing a pedal or pecking at a key play the role of half-finished

products which after being downloaded into the self turn into the probabilities

of choice. The Matching Law can be regarded at as an operational indication of

the mental domain existence.

Prediction to Reflexive Control.”

In this paper, we describe two algorithms for generating disinformation schemes

intended to influence an adversary to make a predetermined decision. Such

influence is termed reflexive control. The first algorithm's disinformation tricks

the adversary into a given scenario, while the second algorithm finds a scenario

to capitalize on a given trick. These algorithms are implemented in a computer

program which simulates a situation in which an adversary is attempting to

penetrate an international border guarded by the controlling party. Details of

this implementation and possible extensions are discussed.

2003-2006

2009-2012

2007-2008

2003-2006

1999-2002

1995-1998

1989-1993

1986-1987

1982-1985

1977-1981

2003-2006